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Minutes of the Hard Winter Wheat Technical Committee February 16, 2010
Margo Caley called the meeting at order at 8:05 a.m., and reported that the 2009 minutes had been posted to the WQC website. A motion from the floor to accept the 2009 minutes was seconded and approved.
Slate of Officers for 2010-2011
Vote to accept new members was passed by voice vote.
Report by Richard Chen on WQC Report for 2009
Ben Handcock thanked Dr. Chen for his work as Editor of the WQC Milling and Baking Test Results for Hard Winter Wheats book.
Overview of 2008 Milling and Sampling by Brad
Comments by Ben Handcock
Overseas Varietal Analysis (OVA) Program Review
Steve Wirsching made the presentation. Steve will be taking the lead in place of John Oades, who will be moving to a half time role. Steve covered the objectives of the OVA, and gave an overview of the 2008 samples. There were:
The 2009 crop will have:
There were a total of 42 cooperators and 705 samples. Varieties were Hatcher (check), Ripper, Postrock, TAM 111, TAM 112, Duster, OK Rising, and Genou
Ripper, TAM 112, Genou, Hatcher, and Postrock were
preferred for French bread.
Thanks to the three organizations in Kansas that made this OVA activity possible. They include the USDA/ARS Hard Winter Wheat Quality Laboratory in Manhattan, KS for performing all the rheological and bake tests and generated the quality data. The Kansas State University, Department of Grain Science and Industry for milling all of the wheat samples, and the USDA/ARS Center for Grain and Animal Health Research, (CGAHR) for handling and distribution of the wheat and flour samples that were sent to our overseas cooperators.
Steve recognized Jim Peterson from the North Dakota Wheat Commission for his management of the Spring OVA program. The HRS samples were milled by Kansas State University, Department of Grain Science and Industry. The Durum Wheat Quality and Pasta Processing Laboratory, located in the Department of Plant Sciences at the North Dakota State University for performing the rheological and bake tests. The Spring wheat report was written by Dr. Simsek, Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Science, NDSU.
Erica Olsen, North Dakota Wheat Commission, managed the durum OVA program. The Durum wheat samples were milled by the Northern Crops Institute, in Fargo, ND. The rheological and end product analysis was performed by the Durum Wheat Quality and Pasta Processing Laboratory, located in the Department of Plant Sciences at the North Dakota State University. The Durum wheat report was written by Dr. Frank Manthey, Durum and Pasta Quality, Plant Science Department, NDSU.
The Wheat Quality Improvement Team visited North Africa and western Europe. There were 6 breeders and 6 nationalities, representing both public and private breeding programs. The following market trends were noted:
UK: Spring wheat not too strong; like the consistency; concerned with food safety, color, and prefers small, tight, cell structure. They are not ready for GMO, but acknowledge it will happen.
Spain: Prefer strong doughs; like our durum color; consistency is good; prefer low wheat ash; need to be aware of cadmium levels; recommend subclasses of extra strong and strong.
Italy: Concerned with food safety; watch cadmium levels; using glutograph instead of alveograph. No to GMO.
North Africa: Concerned with color; durum protein needs minimum 13.5; gluten index 80%; do not want specks on kernels; prefer durum vitreousness of 80% or greater.
Steve Baenziger asked when will Europe accept GMO? No timetable, but they have a resigned acceptance in the UK.
Ochratoxin Standards are becoming more important. Some are basing purchases on maximum ochratoxin levels. The U.S. wheat does not tend to have a problem.
Update on Crop Conditions
Montana State – Jim Berg
WestBred- Sid Perry
Agripro- Jon Rich
Oklahoma- Brett Carver
Texas- Jackie Rudd
Laura Mclaughlin moved to adjourn, Scott Haley seconded. Vote to adjourn passed by voice vote. Meeting adjourned at 9:09 a.m.